Indonesia and Malaysia Gear Up for Major Durian Exports to China

Indonesia and Malaysia Gear Up for Major Durian Exports to China

Indonesia is seeking to significantly boost its durian exports to China, aiming for a target of USD 8 billion. In 2022, Indonesia exported USD 4.5 billion worth of durians to China, a figure that increased to USD 6.7 billion in 2023. To meet the growing demand, Indonesia has implemented several measures, including a study by the Beijing Genomics Institute to ensure the high quality of its durians. Additionally, the government has developed around 100 hectares of durian plantations in North Sumatra and West Papua, with plans to expand further.

Malaysia is also making strides in exporting fresh durians to China, with the process expected to commence in the third quarter of 2024. This follows the signing of the Protocol on Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Fresh Durian from Malaysia to China in June 2023. The Malaysian Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MAFS) is working to finalize the necessary phytosanitary certificate with the General Administration of Customs China (GACC). Only registered orchards and packing facilities that meet Good Agricultural Practices standards and GACC approval will be allowed to export.

Despite concerns from local durian enthusiasts about potential domestic price increases, Malaysian industry experts believe that the rising supply will stabilize or even reduce prices over time. In 2022, Malaysia produced 455,458 tons of durians, with 10% exported in frozen form to China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Meanwhile, China has recently suspended imports of Vietnamese durians from 33 sources due to the presence of heavy metals, highlighting the importance of stringent quality control in the competitive durian market.

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